• Inka Santala University of Turku
  • Niklas Werner Weins Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná
  • Christian Luiz da Silva Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná


With a growing urban population, that consumes an ever increasing amount of raw materials, the approach of the circular economy has gained interest from academia and decision-makers as a promising solution to urban challenges. This review aims to find out in how far the circular economy is reflected as a guiding principle of waste management in the academic literature during the past ten years. A selection of 28 full-text papers dealing with specific case studies have been analysed regarding their geographical scale (international, national, municipal, industrial) and the principles of reduce, reuse, recycle and recover. The results indicate a stronger consideration of the recycling and reuse principles on the national and municipal levels, as well as a strong research representation of the European Union and China. Furthermore, a number of technical papers dealing with the recover principle on the industrial scale have been identified. While the strong arguments for a move towards a circular economy are broadly confirmed, issues of social participation and technological progress are identified as future challenges.

Biografia do Autor

Inka Santala, University of Turku

MA in Urban Geography from the University of Turku

Niklas Werner Weins, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná

Mestrando Programa de Pós-Graduação em Tecnologia e Sociedade, UTFPR, Curitiba, Brasil

Christian Luiz da Silva, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná

Doutorado em Engenharia de Produção pela UFSC e Professor Associado da UTFPR